Topic 11: Views, Opinions

Topic 11: Views, Opinions


In the Buddha’s Words, pp. 213—215, 230-233, also pp. 88-91.


a thicket of views, a wilderness of views, a contortion of views, a writhing of views, a fetter of views – common in the Suttas

Grasping/attachment: sense pleasures, views, rules and observances, doctrine of self

Perceiving what can be expressed through concepts,
Beings take their stand on what is expressed.
Not fully understanding the expressed,
They come under the bondage of death.

Understanding what is expressed,
The peaceful one delights in the peaceful state.
Standing on Dhamma, perfect in knowledge,
He freely makes use of concepts,
But no more enters into concept’s range.
Itivuttaka 3.14

So in this case, Kalamas, don’t go by reports, by legends, by traditions, by scripture, by logical conjecture, by inference, by analogies, by agreement through pondering views, by probability, or by the thought, ‘This contemplative is our teacher.’ – AN 3.65, p. 89


Blind Man and Elephant, pp. 214-215

The Poison Arrow, pp. 230-233

The Raft that Carries One to the Other Shore

There is the case where the man, having crossed over, would think, ‘How useful this raft has been to me! For it was in dependence on this raft that, making an effort with my hands & feet, I have crossed over to safety on the further shore. Why don’t I, having dragged it on dry land or sinking it in the water, go wherever I like?’ In doing this, he would be doing what should be done with the raft. In the same way, monks, I have taught the Dhamma compared to a raft, for the purpose of crossing over, not for the purpose of holding onto. Understanding the Dhamma as taught compared to a raft, you should let go even of Dhammas, to say nothing of non-Dhammas. – MN 22

Nagarjuna, Emptiness Teachings

Zen Koan Literature

[Ma-tsu] was residing in the monastery of Dembo-in where he sat constantly in meditation. The master, aware that he was a vessel of the Dharma, went to him and asked, “Virtuous one, for what purpose are you sitting in meditation?”
Tao-i answered: “I wish to become a Buddha.”
Thereupon the master picked up a tile and started rubbing it on a stone in front of the hermitage.
Tao-i asked: “What is the Master doing?”
The master replied: “I am polishing [this tile] to make a mirror.”
“How can you make a mirror by polishing a tile?” exclaimed Tao-i.
“And how can you make a Buddha by practicing zazen?” countered the master.


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